How Do Solar Panels Work?

A basic rooftop solar panel system will have 4 basic components

 

Solar Panels (Modules)

Inverter

AC Disconnect

Production Meter

Solar Panels

Solar panels are made of multiple solar cells. These cells collect light from the sun and convert that light into energy. This “raw energy” current will be structured and run down through the inverter.

Inverter

The inverter’s job is to convert the raw energy’s Direct Current (DC) into 240 Volt Alternative Current (AC). This process from DC to AC converts the raw energy to home use.

AC Disconnect

Before the electricity goes into your house, it should go through an AC Disconnect and a solar production meter (if needed). The AC disconnect can best be thought of as an extra gate for safety.

Production Meter

The production meter’s purpose is to monitor how much electricity your solar system harvested throughout the day. Solar production depends on solar panel designs, weather, sun exposure and your house location.

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